Everest Region

  • 23/09/2020

Mount Everest is the Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. The China–Nepal border runs across its summit point. The current official elevation of 8,848 meters (29,029ft), recognized by China and Nepal. Mount Everest attracts many climbers, some of them highly experienced mountaineers. There are two main climbing routes, one approaching the summit from the southeast in Nepal (known as the "standard route") and the other from the north in Tibet. While not posing substantial technical climbing challenges on the standard route, Everest presents dangers such as altitude sickness, weather, and wind, as well as significant hazards from avalanches and the Khumbu Icefall.

Attempts and failures: As of 2019, over 300 people have died on Everest, many of whose bodies remain on the mountain. The first recorded efforts to reach Everest's summit were made by British mountaineers. As Nepal did not allow foreigners to enter the country at the time, the British made several attempts on the north ridge route from the Tibetan side.Because Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world, it has attracted considerable attention and climbing attempts. Whether the mountain was climbed in ancient times is unknown. It may have been climbed in 1924, although this has never been confirmed, as both of the men making the attempt failed to return from the mountain. Several climbing routes has been established over several decades of climbing expeditions to the mountain.

First successful summit: The New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, a Nepali Sherpa reached the summit at 11:30 local time on 29 May 1953 via the South Col route. At the time, both acknowledged it as a team effort by the whole expedition, but Tenzing revealed a few years later that Hillary had put his foot on the summit first. They paused at the summit to take photographs and buried a few sweets and a small cross in the snow before descending. In 2009, statues were raised in their honor, and in 2014, Hillary Peak and Tenzing Peak were named for them.

Flora and fauna: There is very little native flora or fauna on Everest. A moss grows at 6,480 meters (21,260ft) on Mount Everest. It may be the highest altitude plant species. According to the study based on satellite data from 1993 to 2018, vegetation is expanding in the Everest region. A minute black jumping spider, has been found at elevations as high as 6,700 meters It lurks in crevices and may feed on frozen insects that have been blown there by the wind. Birds, such as the bar-headed goose, have been seen flying at the higher altitudes of the mountain, while others, such as the chough, have been spotted as high as the South Col at 7,920 meters (25,980ft). Yellow-billed choughs have been seen as high as 7,900 meters (26,000ft) and bar-headed geese migrate over the Himalayas. Yaks are often used to haul gear for Mount Everest climbs. They can haul 100 kg (220 pounds), have thick fur and large lungs.

This is the area inhabited by the Sherpa people, one of the ethnic groups of Mongoloid origin in this region. This region is known as Sherpa Land or Residents of the Sherpa people. Many foreigners intending to spend the vacation with nature and in natural surroundings full of peace and tranquility choose the trekking tour in this vary region, which they believe to be a source of mental happiness and satisfaction.