Ramagrama Stupa Located in Ramgram Municipality, in the Parasi District of Nepal, is one of the eight stupas built over the corporeal remains of the Buddha. The site is of great archeological and pilgrimage significance as it is believed to be the only undisturbed Stupa to contain the original relic of the Shakyamuni Buddha.
After Buddha attained mahaparinirbana, his body was cremated as per the Buddhist tradition by the Mallas of Kushinagar. The mortal remains were distributed to eight claimants including the Koliyas of Ramagrama who constructed the Ramagrama Stupa and enshrined the relic. Around the 3rd century BC, Emperoro Ashoka, had his wishes to collect the relics form all the 8 Stupas in order to re-distribute it to 84,000 smaller stupas to increase the significance of Buddha. But he was not successful to do so as it is believed during his visit to Ramagrama a serpent king guarding the stupa prevented him from collecting the relic. So it remains the only stupa that has not been opened and contains the original mortal remains of Shakyamuni Buddha.
It was in 1899, Dr W Hoey, a historian from the Asiatic Society of Benagal discovered the mound structure but it was only in 1964, the structure was confirmed to be a stupa after the research done by S. B. Deo.
Excavations during various periods have unearthed many details about the stupa. The Kashi Prasad Jayswal Research Institute of Patna conducted excavation of the site in 1958 which revealed the construction in four different phases during the Mauran, Sunga, Kusan and Gupta period. Then later the excavations were carried out by the Department of Archeology of Nepal, in 1997 which produced findings of Grey Ware, Painted Frey Ware and Northern Black Polished wares along with beads, bangles and art objects of various periods. As the site has been an object of great reverence and pilgrimage significance, it has been inscribed on the UNESCO tentative world heritage property in 1996. The 7 metre high Stupa is buried under the mound of earth awaiting further research.