World Heritage Sites in Nepal

  • 21/05/2020

UNESCO has listed 4 world heritage sites in Nepal. 2 in Natural World heritage category and 2 in Cultural world heritage category. The list is as follows:

  • Natural World Heritage Sites:
    • Chitwan National Park

Formerly a royal hunting reserve, The Chitwan National Park lies at the foot of the Mahabharat range in the inner Tarai lowlands of Southern Nepal. Chitwan “ The Heart of the Jungle” was enlisted as a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site in 1984, and spreads over an area of 932 sq. km. The park is home to 56 species of mammals, 49 species of amphibians and reptiles, and 525 species of birds. Wildlife found here include endangered species like the one-horned rhinoceros and the Royal Bengal tiger, gaur, wild elephant, four-horned antelope, leopard, sloth bear, wild boar, rhesus monkey, grey langur monkey, wild dog, small wild cats, and many other smaller animals. Chitwan National park is the ideal place to go to get up and close with wildlife right in their backyard.

  • Sagarmatha National Park

Sagarmatha National Park lies in the Himalayas of the easternNepal and spreads over an area of 1148 sq. km and is the home to the highest peak in the world - Mt. Everest (Sagarmatha) (8,848 m). The national park was established in 1976 and has a very diverse elevation ranging from 2845m to 8848m at the summit of the Mt. Everest. The park was recognized as a Natural world Heritage Site in 1979.The Park boasts of a wide variety of wildlife including more than 118 species of birds. While the forest is dominated by silver fir, birch, rhododendron and juniper trees, animals such as musk deer, the Himalayan tahr, the ghoral, the serow, the wolf, and the Himalayan black bear may be spotted by trekkers in this region.

Endangered species which are rarely seen include: snow leopard, red panda, and two kinds of dazzling pheasants - the crimson-horned and the Impeyan, Nepal's national bird. Smaller animals like marmots, pikas and martens are also found in the park. If you would like a bit of an adventure and want to be intimate with the mountains, visiting Sagarmatha National Park would be worth your while.

  • Cultural World Heritage sites:
    • Lumbini – The birth place of Lord Buddha

Lumbini is one of the most important spiritual and religiously significant place located in Rupandehi district of Nepal. It is the birth place of Lord Buddha. Buddhists pilgrims form around the globe visit this place year round to give homage to Lord Buddha. There are many monasteries built by various countries. One of the most sacred monument in Lumbini is the Mayadevi Temple inside the Lumbini Garden and dates back to 2200 Years. Here the archaeologists have identified the exact spot where Lord Buddha was born. Inscriptions on the Ashoka Pillar nearby also refer to the spot as his birthplace. It is believed that the newly born Prince Siddhartha (later who became the Buddha) took his first seven steps and delivered his peace message to humanity here.

  • Kathmandu

Kathmandu has the highest concentration of heritage sites recognized by UNESCO. A total of 7 sites in Kathmandu are considered as 1 by the UNESCO, which are as follows:

  • Hanuman Dhoka Durba Square (Kathmandu Durbar square)

Kathmandu Durbar Square is situated at the center of the Kathmandu valley. Kathmandu Durbar Square has Hanuman Dhoka, Degutale Temple, Taleju Mandir, Nasal Chowk, Nine storey Basantapur Tower, Panch Mukhi Hanuman Temple, Mul Chowk, Mohan Chowk, Sundari Chowk, Tribhuvan Museum, King Mahendra Memorial Museum and Kal Bhairab temple in its vicinity. Kathmandu Durbar square is one of the three medieval kingdoms of Kathmandu valley which was once ruled by Newari Malla kings.

  • Patan Durba Square

Patan city is one of the oldest cities in Kathmandu valley and it is also known as Lalitpur. Patan Durbar Square is one of the main attraction of this city which is situated8 km south-east of Kathmandu city. History has it that Patan was founded in the 3rd century by the Kirat dynasty and later was modeled into perfection by Lichhavis in the sixth century followed by Malla dynasty.

  • Bhaktapur Durbar Square

Bhaktapur lies on the Eastern part of Kathmandu valley. Also known as Bhadgaon or Khwopa. Bhaktapur Durbar Square is the main the focus of Bhaktapur sightseeing. It is unique as it is one of the few sights in Nepal that hosts a great variety of attractions with unique handmade designs at the same location.

  • Swayabhunath Stupa

Swayambhunath is 3kms away from the West of Kathmandu. It is also known as the Monkey temple because of the presence of a massive number of monkeys around the temple. The worshippers of this stupa are diverse from Newar nuns, Tibetan monks and Brahmin priests to Buddhists and Hindus. It provides a fantastic view of the Kathmandu Valley.

  • Bouddhanath Stupa

Boudhanath epitomizes Tibetan Buddhism. It lies 8 kms East of Kathmandu and was built during the Licchavi era in the 5th century A. D. Its colossal and ancient stupa is regarded as one of the world’s biggest stupa. The stupa is surrounded by various temples or ‘gompas’. The Buddhist people visit the stupa is enormous numbers during the Buddhist festivities.

  • Pashupatinath Temple

Pashupati Nath is one of the most important pilgrim destinations for all of the Hindu pilgrimages.It’s situated just 3 KM from the Tribhuvan International airport in Kathmandu. Pashupatinath is the Hindu temple of Lord Shiva which is situated on the banks of holy river Bagmati. Lord Shiva is the one of the supreme God in the Hindu mythology. The temple was constructed by King Bhupitendra Malla in the 17th century. The temple observes a huge number of pilgrims during Shivaratri which falls between February and March. Shivaratri is one of the major Hindus festivals and thousands of people from the different corner of the world comes to visit this temple to worship Shiva.

  • Changu Narayan Temple

Changunarayan temple is 15 kilometers away from Kathmandu city. Since this is the temple of Lord Vishnu, also called Narayan and is situated near Changu. Changunarayan temple was built in the 3rd century and covers the sixteen hundred years in the history of Nepal. The temple showcases the best craftings of wood, stone, and metal in the valley. Temples of Kileswar Shiva, Chinnamasta Devi and other gods and goddesses are also present in the vicinity of Changunarayan temple.